n/a
Abstract Title:

Huperzine A, reduces brain iron overload and alleviates cognitive deficit in mice exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2020 Jun 1 ;250:117573. Epub 2020 Mar 21. PMID: 32209423

Abstract Author(s):

Ji-Ren An, Ya-Shuo Zhao, Li-Fei Luo, Peng Guan, Miao Tan, En-Sheng Ji

Article Affiliation:

Ji-Ren An

Abstract:

Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a consequence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, resulting in oxidative damage and neurocognitive impairment. This study was designed to determine whether abnormal iron metabolism occurs in the brain under conditions of CIH and whether Huperzine A (HuA) could improve abnormal iron metabolism and neurological damage. The mouse model of CIH was established by reducing the percentage of inspired O(FiO) from 21% to 9% 20 times/h for 8 h/day, and Huperzine A (HuA, 0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered during CIH exposure for 21 days. HuA significantly improved cognitive impairment and neuronal damage in the hippocampus of CIH mice via increasing the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and inhibiting caspase-3 cleavage. HuA considerably decreased ROS levels by downregulating the high levels of NADPH oxidase (NOX 2, NOX 4) mediated by CIH. There was an overload of iron, which was characterized by high levels of ferritin (FTL and FTH) and transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) and low levels of ferroportin 1 (FPN1) in the hippocampus of CIH mice. Decreased levels of TfR1 and FTL proteins observed in HuA treated CIH group, could reduce iron overload in hippocampus. HuA increased PSD 95 protein expression, CREB activation and BDNF protein expression to protect against synaptic plasticity impairment induced by CIH. HuA acts as an effective iron chelator to attenuate apoptosis, oxidative stress and synaptic plasticity mediated by CIH.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.