Hyaluronic acid, Manuka honey and Acemannan gel: Wound-specific applications for skin lesions.
Res Vet Sci. 2020 Apr ;129:82-89. Epub 2020 Jan 11. PMID: 31954318
Healing of open wounds is of great medical importance. Wound healing is a complex process that aims to restore the function and structure of damaged tissue. This study was conducted to compare secondary intention healing of wounds treated daily with a topical application of commercially available hyaluronic acid (HA), Manuka honey (MH), Acemannan gel (AG), or a placebo. Bilateral wounds were surgically created on the backs of six sheep. At two and six weeks post-wound creation, biopsies were obtained to perform histological, immunohistochemical, and molecular analyses of the wound site. Daily clinical evaluations were performed and weekly photographs were taken of the wounds. HA treatment promoted a physiological progression of the healing process in all wound healing phases, while stimulating an abundant cutaneous adnexa and promoting rapid healing, representing the most compelling treatment. MH-treated wounds were slightly dry. However, the main effect of MH was to promote cell proliferation and neovascularization, with an overall pro-inflammatory effect. Results suggest that MH treatment enhances the healing process. AG treatment dehydrated the wounds and stimulated late granulation tissue and cell proliferation. Moreover, AG-treated wounds produced a mild late pro-inflammatory and neovascularization effect. Our data indicate that AG treatment can have a positive influence on moist wounds with abundant granulation tissue and exudate.