Abstract Title:

Hydroxysafflor yellow A alleviates cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury by suppressing apoptosis via mitochondrial permeability transition pore.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2021 May ;85:153532. Epub 2021 Feb 28. PMID: 33735723

Abstract Author(s):

Ping Huang, Si-Peng Wu, Ning Wang, Saiwang Seto, Dennis Chang

Article Affiliation:

Ping Huang


BACKGROUND: Mitochondria are key cellular organelles that are essential for cell fate decisions. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) has displayed an impressively essential role in protection of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). However, the mitochondrial effect of HSYA on Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells (BMECs) under I/R remains to be largely unclear.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the protective effects of HSYA-mediated mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) on cerebral I/R injury and its mechanism.

METHODS: Cerebral I/R injury was established by the model of Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. Furthermore, to further clarify the relevant mechanism of HSYA's effects on mPTP, inhibition of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) with U0126 and transfect with Cyclophilin D (CypD) SiRNA to reversely verified whether the protective effects of HSYA were exerted by regulating the Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/ERK/CypD pathway.

RESULTS: HSYA treatment significantly increased BMECs viability, decreased the generation of ROS, opening of mPTP and translocation of cytochrome c after OGD/R. In addition to inhibited CypD, HSYA potentiated MEK and increased phosphorylation of ERK expression in BMECs, inhibited apoptosis mediated by mitochondrial. Notably, HSYA also significantly ameliorated neurological deficits and decreased the infarct volume in rats.

CONCLUSION: HSYA reduced the CytC export from mitochondrial by inhibited the open of mPTP via MEK/ERK/CypD pathway, contributing to the protection of I/R. Thus, our study not only revealed novel mechanisms of HSYA for its anti-I/R function, but also provided a template for the design of novel mPTP inhibitor for the treatment of various mPTP-related diseases.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.