Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Hydroxysafflor Yellow A inhibits the viability and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells induced by serum from rats with chronic renal failure via inactivation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Exp Ther Med. 2021 Aug ;22(2):850. Epub 2021 Jun 8. PMID: 34149896

Abstract Author(s):

Changliang Huo, Li Wang, Qiuli Wang, Yanbo Yang, Bo Chen

Article Affiliation:

Changliang Huo


It has been reported that the viability and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells contributes to arteriovenous fistula stenosis. Hydroxysafflor Yellow A (HSYA) has been demonstrated to inhibit the viability and migration of VSMCs by regulating Akt signaling. The present study aimed to investigate the role of HSYA on the viability and migration of human umbilical vein smooth muscle cells (HUVSMCs) following stimulation using serum from rats with chronic renal failure (CRF), and to determine the effects of HSYA on PI3K/Akt signaling. Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups, control and CRF groups. Serum from each group was collected to stimulate the HUVSMCs. Cell Counting Kit-8 and wound healing assays were performed to assess cell viability and migration, respectively. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to assess apoptosis, and western blot analysis was performed to detect protein expression levels of PI3K and Akt. Nitric oxide (NO) production was measured using the Nitrate/Nitrite assay kit. The results demonstrated that serum from CRF rats significantly enhanced cell viability, migration and apoptosis, the effects of which were reversed following treatment with HSYA. In addition, CRF serum decreased NO and endothelial NO synthase expression, whilst increasing the protein expression levels of PI3K and phosphorylated-Akt in HUVSMCs. Notably, treatment with HSYA markedly restored NO production and inactivated the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Furthermore, the PI3K/Akt inhibitor, AMG511, exerted similar effects to HSYA. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that HSYA suppresses cell viability and migration in the presence of CRF serum by inactivating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & receive The Dark Side of Wheat Ebook

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.