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Abstract Title:

Hydroxysafflor yellow A promotes angiogenesis in rat brain microvascular endothelial cells injured by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) through SIRT1-HIF-1α-VEGFA signaling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Curr Neurovasc Res. 2021 Nov 8. Epub 2021 Nov 8. PMID: 34751117

Abstract Author(s):

Juxuan Ruan, Lei Wang, Jiheng Dai, Jing Li, Ning Wang, Saiwang Seto

Article Affiliation:

Juxuan Ruan

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: Angiogenesis led by brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) contributes to the remission of brain injury after brain ischemia reperfusion. In this study, we investigated the effects of hydroxysafflor yellow A(HSYA) on angiogenesis of BMECs injured by OGD/R via SIRT1-HIF-1α-VEGFA signaling pathway.

METHODS: The OGD/R model of BMECs was established in vitro by OGD for 2h and reoxygenation for 24h. At first, the concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Angiopoietin (ang) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in supernatant were detected by ELISA, and the proteins expression of VEGFA, Ang-2 and PDGFB in BMECs were tested by western blot; the proliferation, adhesion, migration (scratch healing and transwell) and tube formation experiment of BMECs; the expression of CD31 and CD34 were tested by immunofluorescence staining. The levels of sirtuin1(SIRT1), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), VEGFA mRNA and protein were tested.

RESULTS: HSYA up-regulated the levels of VEGF, Ang and PDGF in the supernatant of BMECs under OGD/R, and the protein expression of VEGFA, Ang-2 and PDGFB were increased; HSYA could significantly alleviate the decrease of cell proliferation, adhesion, migration and tube formation ability of BMECs during OGD/R; HSYA enhanced the fluorescence intensity of CD31 and CD34 of BMECs during OGD/R; HSYA remarkably up-regulated the expression of SIRT1, HIF-1α, VEGFA mRNA and protein after OGD/R, and these increase decreased after SIRT1 was inhibited.

CONCLUSION: SIRT1-HIF-1α-VEGFA signaling pathway is involved in HSYA improves angiogenesis of BMECs injured by OGD/R.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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