Hypercalcemia associated with mineral oil-induced sclerosing paraffinomas. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Hypercalcemia associated with mineral oil-induced sclerosing paraffinomas.
Endocr Pract. 2013 Mar-Apr;19(2):e50-6. PMID: 23337133
Andreas G Moraitis
OBJECTIVE: Granuloma-forming diseases such as sarcoidosis are associated with extrarenal synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)₂D]. We describe a case of extensive skin lesions associated with mineral oil injections in which we provide evidence for cutaneous granuloma synthesis of 1,25(OH)₂D in the pathogenesis of the patient's hypercalcemia.
METHODS: Analysis of expression of the 25(OH)D-1a-hydroxylase (1-a OHase [CYP27b1]) was carried out by immunohistochemical analysis of involved skin.
RESULTS: In involved skin, expression of CYP27b1 was found in the dermis, where it is not normally expressed. Successful management of hypercalcemia was achieved with glucocorticoids.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypercalcemia associated with mineral oil induced skin lesions is likely driven by unregulated expression of CYP27b1 by inflammatory monocytes and macrophages infiltrating the dermis.