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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Icariin Improves Glucocorticoid Resistance in a Murine Model of Asthma with Depression Associated with Enhancement of GR Expression and Function.

Abstract Source:

Planta Med. 2022 Aug 22. Epub 2022 Aug 22. PMID: 35850481

Abstract Author(s):

Hualiang Jin, Yan Zhou, Jian Ye, Chenhui Qiu, Weizhong Jin, Limin Wang

Article Affiliation:

Hualiang Jin

Abstract:

Icariin, a flavonoid glycoside isolated from, exerts a variety of biological activities. However, its effects on depression-induced glucocorticoid resistance in asthma and the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. In this study, a murine model of asthma with depression was established by exposure to ovalbumin combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress, and icariin was given orally during ovalbumin challenge and chronic unpredictable mild stress exposure. Depression-like behaviors were assessed by the open field test, forced swim test, and tail suspension test. The characteristic features of allergic asthma, including airway hyperreactivity, histopathology, inflammatory cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and immunoglobulin E and corticosterone levels in serum, were examined. Following splenocyte isolation, the inhibitory effects of corticosterone on the proliferation and cytokine secretion of splenocytes, glucocorticoid receptor DNA-binding activity, and expression of p-glucocorticoid receptor s226, glucocorticoid receptor, and p-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in splenocytes were determined. We found that icariin had limited effects on depression-like behaviors, however, it markedly suppressed airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammatory infiltration in lung tissues, levels of interleukin-4, interleukin-5, and interleukin-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and immunoglobulin E in serum. Furthermore, icariin improved the inhibitory effects of corticosterone on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated splenocytes, increased the glucocorticoid receptor expression and glucocorticoid receptor DNA-binding activity, and inhibited the phosphorylation of glucocorticoid receptors S226 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Taken together, icariin improved glucocorticoid resistance in a murine model of asthma with depression associated with enhancement of glucocorticoid receptor function and glucocorticoid receptor expression, and its effects on the glucocorticoid receptor function were related to decreased phosphorylation of glucocorticoid receptors S226 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase.

Study Type : Animal Study

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