Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Identification of Phenolic Constituents and Inhibitory Activity of Persimmon Calyx and Shiteito against Tumor Cell Proliferation.

Abstract Source:

Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2021 ;69(1):32-39. PMID: 33390519

Abstract Author(s):

Morio Yoshimura, Akira Mochizuki, Yoshiaki Amakura

Article Affiliation:

Morio Yoshimura


The persistent calyx on the fruit of Diospyros kaki, called"Shitei"in Japanese, is reported to contain phenolic compounds including condensed tannins. In this study, we isolated and characterized a new compound, together with 26 phenolic components, from the 70% acetone extract of Shitei, with structural elucidation based on spectroscopic analyses. In addition, we confirmed the presence of condensed tannins byC-NMR spectra, and the weight-average molecular weight was estimated by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis. Next, Shiteito, a Kampo medicine consisting of Shitei, ginger, and clove clinically used to treat chronic hiccoughs occurring in association with anticancer drug treatments, and hot-water extracts of each of its components, were analyzed by HPLC, which determined that the main ingredient in Shiteito was derived from clove. We therefore isolated the ingredients and investigated their anti-tumor cell proliferative activity, together with Shiteito and Shitei extracts. As a result, Shiteito showed weak inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B) cell proliferation at a high concentration. In contrast, ellagic acid, one of the main constituents of Shiteito, showed significant cytotoxicity against Hep3B cells, and significant inhibition of gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction of the 70% acetone extract of Shitei significantly inhibited the proliferation of colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) and AGS cells at low to middle concentration, while showing strong cytotoxicity against Hep3B. These data indicate that Shiteito and Shitei extracts could enhance cancer drug treatment by preventing the associated chronic hiccups, and have the potential to be adjuvant treatments as well.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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