Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

The immune-enhancing potential of peptide fractions from fermented Spirulina platensis by mixed probiotics.

Abstract Source:

J Food Biochem. 2020 Jul ;44(7):e13245. Epub 2020 May 27. PMID: 32462664

Abstract Author(s):

Jun An, Yanxia Feng, Jiahui Zheng, Min Addy, Li Zhang, Difeng Ren

Article Affiliation:

Jun An


Mixed fermentation with different microorganisms can facilitate fermentation metabolism and increase the low molecular metabolites accumulation, thereby enhancing the bioactive activity. In this study, we evaluated the immune-stimulating activities of Spirulina platensis and different extracts from fermented S. platensis (FS) by mixed probiotics in vitro, by measuring the proliferation and Th1/Th2 immunomodulatory potential on murine primary splenic lymphocytes. The results showed that mixed fermentation enhanced the immunomodulatory activity of S. platensis with higher lymphocyte proliferation compared with non-fermented S. platensis (NFS). Notably, the low molecular weight (<3 kDa) peptide fraction from fermented S. platensis (L-PFS), especially at 40 μg/ml, presented the strongest activity in promoting lymphocytes proliferation and modulating cytokines (IL-2 and IL-10) secretion. Meanwhile, L-PFS enhanced the relative mRNA expression of Th1 cytokine (IFN-γ) and Th2cytokine (IL-4), along with inhibiting the relative mRNA expression of Th1 cytokines (IL-2 and TNF-α) and Th2 cytokine (IL-10) compared with Concanavalin A-treated lymphocytes. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Fermentation with mixed probiotics could effectively improve the bioactive activity of S. platensis. In particular, L-PFS screened from the FS could significantly contribute to the immune-enhancing activity of lymphocytes, promote the Th1/Th2 balance, and provide insights for the investigation of FS as the potential immunomodulatory food products.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.