Abstract Title:

Immunomodulatory effect of curcumin on lipopolysaccharide- and/or flagellin-induced production of prostaglandin E2 and relative expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the primary bubaline endometrial stromal cells.

Abstract Source:

Reprod Domest Anim. 2019 Jun ;54(6):917-923. Epub 2019 May 10. PMID: 30972855

Abstract Author(s):

Rouf Rashid Dar, Ajaz Ali, Sheikh Firdous Ahmad, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Manas Kumar Patra, Manjit Panigrahi, Harendra Kumar, Narayanan Krishnaswamy

Article Affiliation:

Rouf Rashid Dar


Developing alternate therapies for bovine endometritis is important in the context of drug residues in the milk and emergence of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. In this regard, we studied the immunomodulatory effect of curcumin 30 µM, on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS) and/or flagellin (100 ng/ml each)-induced prostaglandin E(PGE) and proinflammatory cytokines (PIC) using primary bubaline endometrial stromal cells. After 24 hr treatment, the supernatant was assayed for PGEwhile cells were used for relative quantification of cytokines like IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF α transcripts using a control group as calibrator. LPS was found to possess potent stimulatory effect on PGEproduction, whereas the flagellin was not as potent as LPS in stimulating the PGEproduction either per se or in combination with LPS. LPS markedly up-regulated the transcripts of IL-8 and IL-6 as compared to IL-1β and TNF α in the bubaline endometrial stromal cells. Except for IL-8, flagellin did not up-regulate other PICs. There was no additive effect between LPS and flagellin on the up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines. Curcumin inhibited the LPS-induced up-regulation of PIC with strong down-regulation of IL-8. The inhibitory effects of curcumin on the inflammatory mediators suggest a potential in the treatment of bovine endometritis.

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