Abstract Title:

Immunotoxic Potential of Bisphenol F Mediated through Lipid Signaling Pathways on Macrophages.

Abstract Source:

Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Oct 1 ;53(19):11420-11428. Epub 2019 Sep 16. PMID: 31453682

Abstract Author(s):

Chao Zhao, Zhi Tang, Peisi Xie, Kaili Lin, Arthur Chi Kong Chung, Zongwei Cai

Article Affiliation:

Chao Zhao


As a bisphenol A (BPA) alternative, bisphenol F (BPF) has been detected in various products, such as paper products, personal care products, and food. More importantly, the toxicity of BPF remains underexplored. We reported an integrated method to study the immunotoxic potentials and the underlying mechanisms of BPF on cell apoptosis, macrophage polarization, reactive oxygen species generation, expression and secretion of immune-related cytokines, and reprogramming of lipid signaling. More serious to BPA, BPF induced apoptosis in macrophages. The apoptosis was induced by activating both sphingomyelin-ceramide signaling pathway and oxidative stress, which included intrinsic (bax and caspase-9) and extrinsic apoptotic pathways (tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, caspase-8, and caspase-3). BPF exposure also induced the proinflammatory phenotype of the macrophage. This alternation was shown to be closely correlated with the modulation of biosynthesis and degradation of glycerophospholipids. This study demonstrated novel evidence that BPF as a substituent of BPA induced immunotoxic effects at environmentally relevant concentrations. We also showed that the reprogramming of lipidome plays a key role in the regulation of macrophage polarization and the induction of immunotoxicity of the BPA analogue.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Problem Substances : Bisphenol F : CK(2) : AC(1)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Immunotoxic : CK(460) : AC(104)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.