Improved oral bioavailability of magnolol by using a binary mixed micelle system. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Improved oral bioavailability of magnolol by using a binary mixed micelle system.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2018 ;46(sup2):668-674. Epub 2018 Sep 5. PMID: 30183380
The aim of this study was to prepare two novel magnolol (MO)-loaded binary mixed micelles (MO-M) using biocompatible copolymers of Soluplus (SOL) and SolutolHS15 (HS15), SOL and d-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS), to improve magnolol's poor solubility and its oral bioavailability. The organic solvent evaporation method was used to obtain two MO-M by optimization; one was prepared by using SOL and HS15 (MO-H), and the other was prepared by using SOL and TPGS (MO-T). The entrapment efficiency (EE%) and drug loading (DL%) of MO-T were 94.61 ± 0.91% and 4.03 ± 0.19%, respectively, and the MO-H has higher EE% and DL% (98.37 ± 1.23%, 4.12 ± 0.16%). TEM results showed that the morphology of MO-M was homogeneous and was spherical in shape. The dilution stability of MO-M did not undergo significant changes. Permeabilityof MO-M across a Caco-2 cell monolayer was enhanced in Caco-2 cell transport models. The pharmacokinetics study showed that the relative oral bioavailability of MO-T and MO-H increased by 2.39- and 2.98-fold, respectively, compared to that of raw MO. This indicated that MO-H and MO-T could promote absorption of MO in the gastrointestinal tract. Collectively, the mixed micelles demonstrated greater efficacy as a drug delivery system. The development of these novel mixed micelles is valuable for resolving the poor solubility and bioavailability of drugs.