Abstract Title:

Effect of sodium fluoride on the sperm mitochondrial DNA in mice.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 10 21 ;492(3):295-299. Epub 2017 Aug 31. PMID: 28864413

Abstract Author(s):

Zilong Sun, Xingchen Xue, Yuliang Zhang, Ruiyan Niu, Jundong Wang

Article Affiliation:

Zilong Sun


Previous studies demonstrated that fluoride, as a widespread environmental pollutant, induced the reproductive toxicity at high dose. Besides the decrease of sperm characteristics like concentration, survival, and sperm motility, it was found that high fluoride induced the destructive mitochondrial ultrastructure and decreased ATP production from mitochondrial respiration. However, whether fluoride exposure can damage the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of sperm is still unknown. In this study, 100 male mice were randomly divided into four groups 25 each, which were administrated with the distilled water containing 0, 25, 50 and 100 mg L-1 NaF, respectively for 60 days. After exposure, sperm mtDNA copy number was measured by real-time PCR, mtDNA integrity by acridine orange (AO) staining, and nuclear DNA (nDNA) integrity through long PCR amplification, as well as MTCYB and MTATP6 mutations by PCR and direct sequencing. The results showed that 100 mg L-1 NaF significantly increased sperm mtDNA copy number, and reduced nDNA integrity. There were no changes observed in mtDNA integrity, and mutations of MTCYB and MTATP6 between fluoride groups and the control group. These results indicated that along with low sperm quality, sperm mtDNA copy number is also a sensitive biomarker to reflect the sperm toxicity of fluoride.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.