Abstract Title:

Indole-3-carbinol improves neurobehavioral symptoms in a cerebral ischemic stroke model.

Abstract Source:

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2018 06 ;391(6):613-625. Epub 2018 Mar 30. PMID: 29602953

Abstract Author(s):

Pankaj Paliwal, Gaurav Chauhan, Deepa Gautam, Debabrata Dash, Shashikant C U Patne, Sairam Krishnamurthy

Article Affiliation:

Pankaj Paliwal


Stroke is one of the most common causes of death worldwide and also responsible for permanent disability. Ischemic stroke has been found to affect 80% of stroke patients. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is the widely used drug for the ischemic stroke with narrow therapeutic window. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a natural compound obtained from brassica species having antithrombotic activity. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was used followed by reperfusion after 2 h of ischemia for the evaluation of the I3C against ischemic stroke. After reperfusion, I3C (12.5, 25, and 50 mg/kg) was given by oral route once daily and continued up to the 14th day. Behavioral studies including postural reflex, forelimb placing, and cylinder tests showed I3C attenuated the MCAO-induced increase in average score and asymmetry score efficiently. Mean cerebral blood flow (CBF) was improved by treatment with I3C (12.5 mg/kg) by 60% of baseline at 6 h. I3C inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation and reduced ischemic volume significantly. It also inhibited in vitro the ADP-induced platelet aggregation in healthy human volunteers. I3C improves behavioral scores and mean CBF after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Furthermore, I3C showed prophylactic anti-thrombotic activity against carrageenan induced tail thrombosis. Therefore, preclinical evidence points to I3C asa potential candidate for use in cerebral ischemic stroke.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.