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Abstract Title:

Induction of P-glycoprotein expression by dandelion in tumor and heart tissues: Impact on the anti-tumor activity and cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2022 Jun 12 ;104:154275. Epub 2022 Jun 12. PMID: 35760022

Abstract Author(s):

Jiameng Qu, Fan Ke, Xiao Yang, Yue Wang, Huarong Xu, Qing Li, Kaishun Bi

Article Affiliation:

Jiameng Qu

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Previously, we have investigated the anti-tumor activity and mechanism through which dandelion acts against triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, traditional Chinese medicine is mostly accepted as an adjunct therapy during chemotherapy in clinical practice. So far, little is known about the effects of dandelion in conjunction with chemotherapeutic drugs.

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of dandelion on the anti-tumor activity and cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin (DOX), and to further explore the molecular mechanisms through which these effects occur.

STUDY DESIGN: At the beginning of this study, dandelion was observed to alleviate DOX-induced cardiotoxicity and reduce the anti-tumor activity of DOX. Subsequently, we investigated whether the resistance to DOX mediated by P-glycoprotein was involved in the above effects.

METHODS: The cardioprotective effect of dandelion was investigated on DOX-treated mice by histological analysis, myocardial enzyme assays, and an untargeted metabolomics study based on LC-Q-TOF/MS. TNBC cell lines and 4T1 tumor-bearing mice were employed to investigate the combined anti-tumor activity. Laser scanning confocal microscope and a flow cytometry analysis were employed to measure the intracellular accumulation of DOX. A specific, sensitive, and rapid LC-MS/MS method was developed to detect the efflux of DOX from cells. Expression of P-glycoprotein in mouse tumor and heart tissues was detected via Western blotting analysis.

RESULTS: Dandelion was found to significantly alleviate DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, as was evidenced by improved cardiomyocyte morphology, decreased LDH and CK-MB release, and adjusted metabolic biomarker levels. However, in vitro and in vivo studies showed that dandelion could reduce the anti-tumor activity of DOX. This counteraction was achieved by activating of the drug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein, thereby promoting the efflux of DOX from cells and reducing the intracellular accumulation of DOX. Moreover, the activation of P-glycoprotein by dandelion in mouse heart tissue was also observed, thus suggesting that the decrease of cardiac DOX accumulation plays an important role in the cardioprotective effect of dandelion.

CONCLUSION: Dandelion can activate the P-glycoprotein in heart and tumor tissues, which ameliorates DOX-induced cardiotoxicity but attenuates DOX cytotoxicity toward TNBC. Our findings have important implications for the correct clinical use of dandelion.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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