Inhibition of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in breast cancer cells by sesamin.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Sep ;86:106759. Epub 2020 Jul 11. PMID: 32663768
Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is overexpressed in some metastatic breast cancer subtypes, specifically triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). This feature can assist in the eradication of anti-tumor immunity, thereby enhancing the survival of the tumor. This study aims to explore how sesamin affects PD-L1 expression in breast cancer cells and its related molecular mechanisms. We found high levels of expression of PD-L1 in both mRNA and protein levels in the TNBC cell line, MDA-MB231, but not in the luminal type-breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. We then demonstrated the tumor suppressive effect of sesamin, which induced the inhibition of cell proliferation in MDA-MB231 cells. Additionally, sesamin triggered PD-L1 downregulation (both mRNA and protein) through the inhibition of AKT, NF-κB and JAK/Stat signaling in MDA-MB231 cells. Moreover, the migration ability of MDA-MB231 cells was effectively diminished by sesamin via inhibition of the activation of MMP-9 and MMP-2. In summary, this study demonstrated that sesamin suppresses MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells' proliferation and migration; and decreases the expression of PD-L1 via the downregulation of AKT, NF-κB, and JAK/Stat signaling. Therefore, sesamin may be an effective alternative and novel therapeutic option for immunotherapy in breast cancer cells with high PD-L1 expression.