Anti-tumor Effect ofExocarp Extracts on B16 Melanoma Bearing Mice Involving P I3K/Akt/HIF-1α/VEGF Signaling Pathways.
Iran J Pharm Res. 2019 ;18(2):803-811. PMID: 31531063
The objective of this study is to investigate the anti-tumor effect ofexocarp extracts (GBEE) on B16 melanoma bearing mice and its related molecular mechanisms. The B16-F10 melanoma solid tumor model was established in CBL/6J mice. The tumor-bearing mice were treated with GBEE (50, 100, 200 mg/kg), taking cis-Dichlorodiamineplatinum (Ⅱ) (DDP, 3 mg/kg) as positive control and normal saline (NS) as model control. After 17 days of administration, the transplanted tumors was stripped and weighed, and the inhibition rate was calculated. Quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western Blot and immunohistochemistry were applied to detect mRNA and protein levels of related factors in B16 transplanted tumor tissues. The results indicated that GBEE (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) inhibited the growth of B16 transplanted solid tumor in CBL/6J mice. Meanwhile, it inhibited the expression of CD34 and reduced microvessel density (MVD) in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, GBEE dose-dependently down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2). The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt) proteins were not changed obviously, but the protein levels of p-PI3K and p-Akt were down-regulated. Overall, the inhibitory effect of GBEE on the growth of B16 melanoma transplant tumor in mice is related to inhibiting angiogenesis, and the mechanism involves the regulation of PI3K/Akt/ HIF-lα/VEGF signaling pathway.