Effects of methoxychlor on IGF-I signaling pathway in rat ovary.
Biotech Histochem. 2017 ;92(3):230-242. Epub 2017 Apr 14. PMID: 28409689
Follicular development and other ovarian functions are regulated by growth factors that can be affected by exogenous agents. Methoxychlor (MXC) is an organochloride pesticide that causes female infertility. We investigated how MXC affects the distribution of developing ovarian follicles in adult rats after treatment between embryonic day (E) 18 and postnatal day (PND) 7. We also measured insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and its receptor, IGF-IR, expressions in ovarian follicles and investigated whether MXC changed the levels of IGF-I and IGF-IR in the ovary. Using immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, we detected IGF-I expression in oocytes and granulosa cells of the follicles, luteal cells, interstitial cells, theca externa and theca interna, and the smooth muscle of ovarian vessels. IGF-IR was co-localized with IGF-I in the ovary except for the theca externa. IGF-I expression was decreased in granulosa cells of preantral and antral follicles after treatment with MXC compared to granulosa cells of preantral and antral follicles of the control group. We also observed that oocytes of secondary follicles and granulosa cells of secondary and preantral follicles of the MXC treated groups showed increased IGF-IR expression compared to oocytes of secondary follicles and granulosa cells of secondary and preantral follicles of the control group. We also detected more secondary and preantral follicles, and fewer primordial and antral follicles after MXC administration compared to controls. Therefore, the IGF signaling pathway may participate in MXC induced ovary dysfunction and female infertility.