Abstract Title:

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1-targeted near-infrared photoimmunotherapy of triple-negative breast cancer.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Sci. 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20. PMID: 35723065

Abstract Author(s):

Hiroshi Fukushima, Takuya Kato, Aki Furusawa, Ryuhei Okada, Hiroaki Wakiyama, Hideyuki Furumoto, Shuhei Okuyama, Eisaku Kondo, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi

Article Affiliation:

Hiroshi Fukushima


Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subtype of breast cancer, and conventional chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapies show limited efficacy. Near-infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new anticancer treatment that selectively damages the cell membrane of cancer cells based on NIR light-induced photochemical reactions of the antibody (Ab)-photoabsorber (IRDye700Dx) conjugate and the cell membrane. TNBC is known to express several adhesion molecules on the cell surface providing a potential new target for therapy. Here, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-targeted NIR-PIT using xenograft mouse models subcutaneously inoculated with two human ICAM-1-expressing TNBC cell lines, MDAMB468-luc and MDAMB231 cells. In vitro ICAM-1-targeted NIR-PIT damaged both cell types in a NIR light dose-dependent manner. In vivo ICAM-1-targeted NIR-PIT in both models showed early histological signs of cancer cell damage, such as cytoplasmic vacuolation. Even among the cancer cells that appeared to be morphologically intact within 2 h post treatment, abnormal distribution of the actin cytoskeleton and a significant decrease in Ki-67 positivity were observed, indicating widespread cellular injury reflected in cytoplasmic degeneration. Such damage to cancer cells by NIR-PIT significantly inhibited subsequent tumor growth and improved survival. This study suggests that ICAM-1-targeted NIR-PIT could have potential clinical application in the treatment of TNBC.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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