n/a
Abstract Title:

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1-targeted near-infrared photoimmunotherapy of triple-negative breast cancer.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Sci. 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20. PMID: 35723065

Abstract Author(s):

Hiroshi Fukushima, Takuya Kato, Aki Furusawa, Ryuhei Okada, Hiroaki Wakiyama, Hideyuki Furumoto, Shuhei Okuyama, Eisaku Kondo, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi

Article Affiliation:

Hiroshi Fukushima

Abstract:

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subtype of breast cancer, and conventional chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapies show limited efficacy. Near-infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new anticancer treatment that selectively damages the cell membrane of cancer cells based on NIR light-induced photochemical reactions of the antibody (Ab)-photoabsorber (IRDye700Dx) conjugate and the cell membrane. TNBC is known to express several adhesion molecules on the cell surface providing a potential new target for therapy. Here, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-targeted NIR-PIT using xenograft mouse models subcutaneously inoculated with two human ICAM-1-expressing TNBC cell lines, MDAMB468-luc and MDAMB231 cells. In vitro ICAM-1-targeted NIR-PIT damaged both cell types in a NIR light dose-dependent manner. In vivo ICAM-1-targeted NIR-PIT in both models showed early histological signs of cancer cell damage, such as cytoplasmic vacuolation. Even among the cancer cells that appeared to be morphologically intact within 2 h post treatment, abnormal distribution of the actin cytoskeleton and a significant decrease in Ki-67 positivity were observed, indicating widespread cellular injury reflected in cytoplasmic degeneration. Such damage to cancer cells by NIR-PIT significantly inhibited subsequent tumor growth and improved survival. This study suggests that ICAM-1-targeted NIR-PIT could have potential clinical application in the treatment of TNBC.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.