Juglone regulates gut microbiota and Th17/Treg balance in DSS-induced ulcerative colitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Juglone regulates gut microbiota and Th17/Treg balance in DSS-induced ulcerative colitis.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2021 Aug ;97:107683. Epub 2021 Apr 26. PMID: 33915494
Juglone, mainly isolates from the green walnut husks of Juglans mandshurica, exhibits anti-cancer and anti-inflammaroty activities. But its protection on ulcerative colitis (UC) has never been explored. In this study, we first evaluated whether juglone ameliorated UC, and investigated its effects on gut microbiota and Th17/Treg balance in DSS-induced UC mice model. The model was established by administrating 2.7% DSS for seven days. Juglone was given daily by gavage for ten days, once a day. The disease activity index (DAI) decrease and pathological characteristics improvement demonstrated that the UC in mice was alleviated by juglone. Juglone treatment significantly inhibited the protein levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β, improved the protein expression of IL-10. In addition, juglone altered microbial diversity and gut microbiota composition, including the enhancement of the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidota and the abundance of Actinobacteriota, and decrease of the abundance of Verrucomicrobiota. Juglone treatment also inhibited the protein expressions of IL-6, STAT3 and RORγt, meanwhile improved the protein level of FOXP3. Furthermore, juglone inhibited Th17 development and increased Treg generation, beneficial to Th17/Treg balance. Together, we herein provided the first evidence to supportthat juglone, especially the high dose, possibly protected mice against UC by modulating gut microbiota and restoring Th17/Treg homeostasis.