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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Lactobacillus rhamnosus reduces the cytotoxic effects of group B streptococcus on HeLa cells.

Abstract Source:

Microb Pathog. 2021 Dec ;161(Pt A):105271. Epub 2021 Oct 30. PMID: 34728370

Abstract Author(s):

Jan Mikhale Cajulao, Lily Chen

Article Affiliation:

Jan Mikhale Cajulao

Abstract:

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an opportunistic pathogen found in the vaginal tract and is a leading cause of preterm birth and neonatal illness. Aside from GBS, the vaginal tract is predominantly colonized by commensal Lactobacillus species that are thought to protect the vaginal tract from pathogens, including GBS. Studies that examined if, and how Lactobacilli modulate GBS pathogenicity remain limited. This study sought to investigate the potential protective role of Lactobacillus rhamnosus against GBS, using an in vitro model system. Immunofluorescence microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) captured images of infected HeLa cells and were analyzed using the image analysis program ImageJ. Results indicate that GBS causes HeLa cell detachment unless L. rhamnosus is present. SEM images show that GBS reduces length and number of microvilli on HeLa cell surface, as well as size of secreted vesicles. L. rhamnosus partially inhibits GBS-dependent microvilli and vesicle disruption. GBS also disrupts HeLa cell F-actin fibers unless L. rhamnosus is present. These results reveal effects of GBS infection on the host cell cytoskeleton and implies a protective role of L. rhamnosus against GBS colonization.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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