Abstract Title:

Antirotaviral activity of milk proteins: lactoferrin prevents rotavirus infection in the enterocyte-like cell line HT-29.

Abstract Source:

Med Microbiol Immunol. 1997 Oct;186(2-3):83-91. PMID: 9403835

Abstract Author(s):

F Superti, M G Ammendolia, P Valenti, L Seganti


Different milk proteins were analyzed for their inhibitory effect on either rotavirus-mediated agglutination of human erythrocytes or rotavirus infection of the human enterocyte-like cell line HT-29. Proteins investigated were alpha-lactalbumin, beta-lactoglobulin, apo-lactoferrin, and Fe(3+)-lactoferrin, and their antiviral action was compared with the activity of mucin, a milk glycoprotein known to affect rotavirus infection. Results obtained demonstrated that beta-lactoglobulin, apo- and Fe(3+)-lactoferrin are able to inhibit the replication of rotavirus in a dose-dependent manner, apo-lactoferrin being the most active. It was shown that apo-lactoferrin hinders virus attachment to cell receptors since it is able to bind the viral particles and to prevent both rotavirus haemagglutination and viral binding to susceptible cells. Moreover, this protein markedly inhibited rotavirus antigen synthesis and yield in HT-29 cells when added during the viral adsorption step or when it was present in the first hours of infection, suggesting that this protein interferes with the early phases of rotavirus infection.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.