A relationship between vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, calcium levels and lactose intolerance in type 2 diabetic patients and healthy subjects.
Clin Chim Acta. 2016 Nov 1 ;462:174-177. Epub 2016 Aug 16. PMID: 27642086
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is chronic metabolic disorder. Common gastrointestinal symptoms in type 2 diabetic patients are flatulence, constipation and/or diarrhea. Reason for these may be lactose intolerance leading to change in vitamin D, Calcium and parathyroid hormone which further regulate bone mineralization.
AIM: To measure lactose intolerance, vitamin D, calcium and parathyroid hormone in type 2 diabetic patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 150 type 2 diabetic patients attending Endocrinology Clinic in PGI, Chandigarh and 150 age and sex matched healthy controls were enrolled. Lactose intolerance was measured using non-invasive lactose breath test. 25-hydroxyvitamin D (total) and Parathyroid hormone were measured in plasma using immunoassay. Serum calcium was measured using auto analyzer. T score was recorded from DXA scan for bone mineral density measurement.
RESULTS: Lactose intolerance was observed significantly higher (p<0.001) diabetic patients (59.3%) as compared to controls (42%). Levels of plasma 25-OH vitamin D (total), parathyroid hormone and serum calcium were significantly lower in patients as compared to controls. Furthermore, levels of plasma 25-OH vitamin D (total), parathyroid hormone and serum calcium were more decreased in lactose intolerant diabetic patients than lactose tolerant patients. Sixty seven percent (67%) of diabetic patients suffered from osteoporosis and 20% of controls. Eighty percent (80%) diabetic patients and 16% controls with osteoporosis suffered from lactose intolerance.
CONCLUSION: From this study we can conclude that measurement of lactose intolerance using non-invasive lactose breath test is suggested for type 2 diabetic patients along with timely measurement of 25-OH vitamin D (total), calcium and parathyroid hormone levels.