Lipid-lowering medication use is associated with increased aggression scores in women. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lipid-lowering medication use and aggression scores in women: a report from the NHLBI-sponsored WISE study.
J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2008 Mar ;17(2):187-94. PMID: 18321170
Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association between the use of lipid-lowering medication and aggressive responding, hostility, cynicism, and depression scores in women undergoing coronary angiography.
METHODS: The cohort included 498 women from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)-sponsored Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) study. WISE is a four-center study of women with chest pain who underwent quantitative coronary angiography for suspected myocardial ischemia. The psychosocial indices included the Cook Medley Hostility questionnaire, measuring aggression, hostility, and cynicism, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).
RESULTS: Compared to those not on lipid-lowering medication, women receiving lipid-lowering pharmacotherapy were older (62 vs. 55 years, p<0.001) and had more hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and coronary artery disease (CAD, defined as>or =50% stenoses in at least one epicardial artery) (all p<0.003). Women on lipid-lowering medication had higher aggressive responding scores than those not on medication, 3.0 +/- 1.8 vs. 2.7 +/- 1.7, respectively (age-adjusted p<0.003). This association persisted after adjustment for coronary risk factors, education, and extent of angiographic disease (CAD) (p<0.005), and after exclusion of women using psychotropic medications (p<0.001). Hostility, cynicism, and depression scores did not differ by medication use.