Liquiritigenin prevents acute liver injuries in rats induced by acetaminophen. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Liquiritigenin, an aglycone of liquiritin in Glycyrrhizae radix, prevents acute liver injuries in rats induced by acetaminophen with or without buthionine sulfoximine.
Chem Biol Interact. 2006 Jun 10 ;161(2):125-38. Epub 2006 Mar 27. PMID: 16647697
Young Woo Kim
Glycyrrhizae radix has been used as one of the oldest and most frequently employed botanicals in both western and oriental countries. Previously, we showed that liquiritigenin (LQ), an aglycone of liquiritin in G. radix, exerts cytoprotective effects against heavy metal-induced toxicity in vitro. This study investigated in vivo protective effects of LQ against acute liver injuries induced by acetaminophen (APAP) or APAP plus buthionine sulfoximine (BSO). Liver injuries were assessed by blood biochemistry and histopathology in rats administered with LQ purified from the acid hydrolyates of liquiritin singly (p.o. or i.v., 2-4 days) or in combination with dimethyl-4,4'-dimethoxy-5,6,5',6'-dimethylenedioxybiphenyl-2,2'-dicarboxylate (DDB), a synthetic derivative of Schisandrin C in Fructus shizandrae, and exposed to APAP or APAP + BSO. LQ treatments (oral) effectively decreased liver injuries induced by a single dose of APAP, as evidenced by decreases in hepatic necrosis and inflammation as well as plasma alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase activities. LQ, when intravenously applied, enhanced hepatoprotective effect with a greater potency. APAP + BSO led to severe liver injuries, resulting in lethality. LQ pretreatments significantly reduced the potentiated liver necrosis, decreasing mortality. In spite of the improvement in blood biochemistry, DDB failed to protect the liver from injuries induced by APAP or APAP + BSO. Combined treatments of rats with LQ and DDB showed some additive protective effect. The present study demonstrates that LQ efficaciously protects the liver from acute injuries induced by APAP or from APAP-induced severe injuries during GSH deficiency, indicating that LQ is one of the principal cytoprotective components comprised in G. radix.