Lobelia chinesis is a potent inhibitor of the in vitro and in vivo replication of HSV-1. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Efficacy of orally administered Lobelia chinensis extracts on herpes simplex virus type 1 infection in BALB/c mice.
Antiviral Res. 2008 Nov;80(2):206-12. Epub 2008 Jul 11. PMID: 18621082
By a plaque reduction assay, methanolic extracts from Lobelia chinensis (LC) significantly blocked herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) replication in HeLa cells without apparent cytotoxicity. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of LC on HSV-1 replication is 139.2 microg/ml. To elucidate LC anti-HSV-1 activity in vivo, BALB/c mice were injected subcutaneously with HSV-1 (2.5 x 10(6)PFU/50 microl), treated orally thrice a day with acyclovir (60 mg/kg/dose) or LC (20 and 50 mg/kg/dose) for 7 days, and inspected daily for signs of disease. Data from the scoring system indicated that animals infected with HSV-1, developed progressive zoster lesions starting 2 days postinfection (p.i.) and appeared the most serious syndromes at 4-5 days p.i. In marked contrast to the results with control mice, treatment with acyclovir or 50 mg/kg/dose LC resulted in a sustained protective effect. The HSV-1 titers and DNA levels in ground skin samples were significantly reduced by LC. No toxic effect of LC on liver and kidney functions was apparent. These results indicated that LC was a potent inhibitor of the in vitro and in vivo replication of HSV-1.