Abstract Title:

Health effects of long-term use of the intrauterine levonorgestrel-releasing system. A follow-up study over 12 years of continuous use.

Abstract Source:

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1999 Sep;78(8):716-21. PMID: 10468065

Abstract Author(s):

M Rönnerdag, V Odlind

Article Affiliation:

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Section for Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.


BACKGROUND: This report comprises women from one center, who all participated in a larger European multi-center study, which included 2758 healthy women, of whom 1821 were randomly allocated to the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Lng-IUS) and 937 to a copper-IUD (Nova-T). At the end of the 5 year study period, 109 of the 300 women, who originally were allocated to the Lng-IUS at this center, were still using the Lng-IUS. The women were offered the opportunity to continue the Lng-IUS and 100 women chose to do so. After a total period of almost 7 years of continuous use, a second Lng-IUS was offered and 82 of the women chose to start a second segment of Lng-IUS use. After another 5 years, 69 of the women were fitted with their third Lng-IUS. METHODS: These 82 women were examined yearly throughout the study period and bleeding pattern, hemoglobin, weight, blood-pressure, general well-being and intercurrent disease were analyzed to assess long-term effects. RESULTS: No pregnancy occurred during the follow-up. One case of partial expulsion occurred and one case of pelvic inflammatory disease. Seventy-seven percent of the women did not report any health problems at all during the entire follow-up period of 13 years. At the end of the second period with the Lng-IUS, 60% reported amenorrhea, 12% infrequent, scanty bleeds and 28% regular, scanty bleeds. As a consequence, the hemoglobin values increased, with a mean increase, after 12-13 years, being 1.35 g/dl. Blood pressure increased slightly and body weight increased with a mean increase of 0.49 kg/year. Seven women became postmenopausal during the follow-up and started estrogen replacement therapy with the Lng-IUS in situ. CONCLUSIONS: This follow-up study suggests that the Lng-IUS remains a safe and effective method of contraception, allowing women prolonged relief of menstrual problems, and for women in their late reproductive years, offering a convenient and bleeding-free transition into the menopause.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.