Abstract Title:

Luteolin suppresses inflammation through inhibiting cAMP-phosphodiesterases activity and expression of adhesion molecules in microvascular endothelial cells.

Abstract Source:

Inflammopharmacology. 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1. PMID: 30276558

Abstract Author(s):

Xueli Kong, Guitao Huo, Shurong Liu, Fengnan Li, Wu Chen, Daixun Jiang

Article Affiliation:

Xueli Kong


Luteolin, an anti-inflammatory ingredient found in the Chinese herb Folium perillae, can inhibit not only the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-phosphodiesterases (PDEs) activity of neutrophils, but also the expression of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 in neutrophils, both of which result in a decrease in the adhesion between neutrophils and microvascular endothelial cells. However, the effect of luteolin on the cAMP-PDEs activity and expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells are not clear. In the present study, primary rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells and a lipopolysaccharide-induced rat acute pneumonia model were used to explore the role of luteolin on cAMP-PDEs activity, expression of adhesion molecules, and leukocyte infiltration. We demonstrate that rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells expressed high levels of cAMP-PDEs, specifically PDE4, and further luteolin exhibited dose-dependent inhibition on the activity of cAMP-PDEs or PDE4 in endothelial cells. Luteolin also had a significant inhibitory effect on the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, but not intracellular cell adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in microvascular endothelial cells. Further, we show that luteolin decreased the levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1), but not soluble E-selectin in the serum of rats subjected to acute pneumonia. We also show that luteolin treatment decreased the wet/dry weight ratio of lung tissue and reduced the total number of serum leukocytes in a dose-dependent manner in a rat acute pneumonia model. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that luteolin suppresses inflammation, at least in part, through inhibiting both cAMP-PDEs or PDE4 activity and the expression of VCAM-1 (in vitro) and sICAM-1 (in vivo) in endothelial cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.