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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Mangiferin Inhibits Apoptosis in Doxorubicin-Induced Vascular Endothelial Cells via the Nrf2 Signaling Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Apr 20 ;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20. PMID: 33923922

Abstract Author(s):

Mohammad Bani Ismail, Peramaiyan Rajendran, Hamad Mohammed AbuZahra, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan

Article Affiliation:

Mohammad Bani Ismail

Abstract:

Doxorubicin increases endothelial permeability, hence increasing cardiomyocytes' exposure to doxorubicin (DOX) and exposing myocytes to more immediate damage. Reactive oxygen species are major effector molecules of doxorubicin's activity. Mangiferin (MGN) is a xanthone derivative that consists of C-glucosylxanthone with additional antioxidant properties. This particular study assessed the effects of MGN on DOX-induced cytotoxicity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells' (HUVECs') signaling networks. Mechanistically, MGN dramatically elevated Nrf2 expression at both the messenger RNA and protein levels through the upregulation of the PI3K/AKT pathway, leading to an increase in Nrf2-downstream genes. Cell apoptosis was assessed with a caspase-3 activity assay, transferase-mediated dUTP-fluorescein nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was performed to assess DNA fragmentation, and protein expression was determined by Western blot analysis. DOX markedly increased the generation of reactive oxygen species, PARP, caspase-3, and TUNEL-positive cell numbers, but reduced the expression of Bcl-2 and antioxidants' intracellular concentrations. These were effectively antagonized with MGN (20μM), which led to HUVECs being protected against DOX-induced apoptosis, partly through the PI3K/AKT-mediated NRF2/HO-1 signaling pathway, which could theoretically protect the vessels from severe DOX toxicity.

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