Mangiferin protects the streptozotocin-induced oxidative damage to cardiac and renal tissues in rats.
Toxicology. 2002 Jul 15;176(3):165-73. PMID: 12093613
Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243 122, Bareilly District, UP, India. email@example.com
The role of oxidative stress in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced toxicity and its prevention by a xanthone glucoside, mangiferin was investigated. To induce diabetes mellitus, adult male Wistar rats were injected STZ intravenously at 55 mg/kg body weight. The effect of mangiferin (10 and 20 mg/kg, i.p., 28 days) was investigated in STZ-induced diabetic male rats. Insulin-treated rats (6 U/kg, i.p., 28 days) served as positive control. Diabetic rats given normal saline served as negative control. Normal rats that neither received STZ nor drugs served as normal control. On day 28, the diabetic rats showed significant increase in serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and total glycosylated haemoglobin. Kidney revealed tubular degeneration and decreased levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) with an elevation of malonaldehyde (MDA). Cardiac SOD, CAT and lipid peroxidation were significantly increased. Histopathological findings revealed cardiac hypertrophy with haemorrhages. Analysis of erythrocyte revealed significantly elevated levels of MDA with insignificant decrease in CAT and SOD. Repeated intraperitoneal injections of mangiferin (10 and 20 mg/kg) and insulin (6 U/kg) controlled STZ-induced lipid peroxidation and significantly protected the animals against cardiac as well as renal damage. From the study, it may be concluded that oxidative stress appears to play a major role in STZ-induced cardiac and renal toxicity as is evident from significant inhibition of antioxidant defence mechanism in renal tissue or a compensatory increase in antioxidant defence mechanism in cardiac tissue. Intraperitoneal administration of mangiferin exhibited significant decrease in glycosylated haemoglobin and CPK levels along with the amelioration of oxidative stress that was comparable to insulin treatment.