Abstract Title:

Polyphenols with antiulcerogenic action from aqueous decoction of mango leaves (Mangifera indica L.).

Abstract Source:

Molecules. 2009;14(3):1098-110. Epub 2009 Mar 10. PMID: 19305363

Abstract Author(s):

Juliana Aparecida Severi, Zeila Pinheiro Lima, Hélio Kushima, Alba Regina Monteiro Souza Brito, Lourdes Campaner dos Santos, Wagner Vilegas, Clélia Akiko Hiruma-Lima

Article Affiliation:

Pharmacos and Drugs Department, Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty, São Paulo State University-UNESP, UNESP, Araraquara, SP, Brazil. [email protected]


This study was designed to determine the gastroprotective effect of a Mangifera indica leaf decoction (AD), on different experimental models in rodents. The administration of AD up to a dose of 5 g/kg (p.o.) did not produce any signs or symptoms of toxicity in the treated animals, while significantly decreasing the severity of gastric damage induced by several gastroprotective models. Oral pre-treatment with AD (250, 500 or 1000 mg/kg) in mice and rats with gastric lesions induced by HCl/ethanol, absolute ethanol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or stress-induced gastric lesions resulted in a significant decrease of said lesions. Phytochemical analyses of AD composition demonstrated the presence of bioactive phenolic compounds that represent 57.3% of total phenolic content in this extract. Two main phenolic compounds were isolated, specifically mangiferin (C-glucopyranoside of 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone) and C-glucosyl-benzophenone (3-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-4',2,4,6-tetrahydroxybenzophenone). These findings indicate the potential gastroprotective properties of aqueous decoction from M. indica leaves.

Study Type : Animal Study

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