Mechanism of action of glycyrrhizin against Plasmodium falciparum. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Mechanism of action of glycyrrhizin against Plasmodium falciparum.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2021 ;116:e210084. Epub 2021 Aug 20. PMID: 34431854
Maria de Nazaré Correia Soeiro
Extracts of the plant Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) are used in traditional medicine to treat malaria. The main active components are the saponin glycyrrhizin (GLR) and its active metabolite glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) which both display activities against Plasmodium falciparum. We have identified three main mechanisms at the origin of their anti-plasmodial activity: (i) drug-induced disorganisation of membrane lipid rafts, (ii) blockade of the alarmin protein HMGB1 and (iii) potential inhibition of the detoxifying enzyme glyoxalase 1 (GLO-1) considered as an important drug target for malaria. Our analysis shed light on the mechanism of action of GLR against P. falciparum.