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Abstract Title:

A mechanistic overview of sulforaphane and its derivatives application in diabetes and its complications.

Abstract Source:

Inflammopharmacology. 2023 Dec ;31(6):2885-2899. Epub 2023 Nov 13. PMID: 37955784

Abstract Author(s):

Neda Mohamadi, Vafa Baradaran Rahimi, Mohammad Reza Fadaei, Fatemeh Sharifi, Vahid Reza Askari

Article Affiliation:

Neda Mohamadi

Abstract:

Sulforaphane (SFN) is a type of phytochemical found in many cruciferous vegetables that has been shown to positively benefit the control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The search was done from 2000 until December 2022 using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Sciences, and Google Scholar databases. We included all in vitro, in vivo, and clinical trials. Sulforaphane has been demonstrated to activate the PIK/AKT and AMP-activated protein kinase pathways and the glucose transporter type 4 to increase insulin production and reduce insulin resistance. Interestingly, SFN possesses protective effects against diabetes complications, such as diabetic-induced hepatic damage, vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, nephropathy, and neuropathy via nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 activation that leads to the translation of several anti-oxidant enzymes and regulation glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, fatty acid metabolism, glutamine metabolism, and glutathione metabolism. Furthermore, multiple clinical trial studies emphasized the ameliorating effects of SFN on T2DM patients. This review provides sufficient evidence for further research and development of sulforaphane as a hypoglycemic drug.

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