Mediterranean, vegetarian and vegan diets as practical outtakes of EAS and ACC/AHA recommendations for lowering lipid profile.
Acta Biochim Pol. 2021 Feb 5. Epub 2021 Feb 5. PMID: 33544561
Reduction of total cholesterol (TC) and LDL fraction (LDL-C) may be beneficial towards decreasing the risk of development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). First and foremost, before implementing or simultaneously with pharmacological treatment, patients should be informed about lifestyle changes that may be critical to achieving a better lipid profile. Recommendations from ACC/AHA (American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association) and EAS (European Atherosclerosis Society) mainly focus on limitation of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and trans fatty acids (TFA) consumption, but additional support could be considered. This review presents selected guidelines of European scientific societies concerning lipid metabolism disorders. The main aim of this manuscript was to present the guidelines how to provide simple and transparent schemes of management in dyslipidemia therapy. Encouraging patients for increasing the intake of soluble fiber (SF) and phytosterols (PS) may also be promoted for achieving therapeutic goals. In the clinical point of view, restoring an appropriate lipid profile is important because it directly reduces the risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The EAS and ACC/AHA guidelines introduce several new demands, so far absent from previous recommendations. Mediterranean diet (MD) or vegetarian lifestyles are an example of diet patterns that are deliberated as healthy for cardio-vascular system, since both consist of fresh, unprocessed vegetables and fruits with addition of desirable fats.