Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Melatonin Attenuates Oxidative Stress-Induced Apoptosis of Bovine Ovarian Granulosa Cells by Promoting Mitophagy via SIRT1/FoxO1 Signaling Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Aug 16 ;24(16). Epub 2023 Aug 16. PMID: 37629033

Abstract Author(s):

Gaoqing Xu, Yangyunyi Dong, Zhe Wang, He Ding, Jun Wang, Jing Zhao, Hongyu Liu, Wenfa Lv

Article Affiliation:

Gaoqing Xu


Oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis of granulosa cells is considered to be a main driver of follicular atresia. Increasing evidence suggests a protective effect of melatonin against oxidative damage but the mechanism remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of melatonin on mitophagy and apoptosis of bovine ovarian granulosa cells under oxidative stress, and to clarify the mechanism. Our results indicate that melatonin inhibited HO-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial injury of bovine ovarian granulosa cells, as revealed by decreased apoptosis rate, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, Caconcentration, and cytochrome C release and increased mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Simultaneously, melatonin promoted mitophagy of bovine ovarian granulosa cells through increasing the expression of PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), PARKIN, BECLIN1, and LC3II/LC3I; decreasing the expression of sequestosome 1 (SQSMT1); and promoting mitophagosome and lysosome fusion. After treatment with a mitophagy inhibitor CsA, we found that melatonin alleviated apoptosis and mitochondrial injury through promoting mitophagy in bovine ovarian granulosa cells. Furthermore, melatonin promoted the expression of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and decreased the expression level of forkhead transcription factors class O (type1) (FoxO1). By treatment with an SIRT1 inhibitor EX527 or FoxO1 overexpression, the promotion of melatonin on mitophagy as well as the inhibition on mitochondrial injury and apoptosis were reversed in bovine ovarian granulosa cells. In conclusion, our results suggest that melatonin could promote mitophagy to attenuate oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial injury of bovine ovarian granulosa cells via the SIRT1/FoxO1 signaling pathway.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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