Melatonin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects in case of IR. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The protective effect of melatonin on remote organ liver ischemia and reperfusion injury following aortic clamping.
Ann Ital Chir. 2016 ;87:271-9. PMID: 27346180
BACKGROUND: Severe local and systemic tissue injuries can occur after restoration of tissue oxygenation which is also known as reperfusion injury. Our objective was to investigate the possible protective effects of melatonin against IR damage in hepatic tissue following infrarenal aortic occlusion.
METHODS: A total of twenty-one male Wistar-albino rats separated into three groups as follows: Group I: Laparotomy and dissection of the infrarenal abdominal aorta (AA) were concurrently performed. Group II: About 1 ml of 0.9% saline was intraperitoenally administered 30 min before and after the occlusion operation. After laparotomy and dissection, infrarenal AA was clamped for 30 minutes and then was exposed to two hours of reperfusion. Group III: The melatonin was administered 30 min before clamping of the infrarenal AA then 30 min of ischemia and two hours of reperfusion was applied.
RESULTS: Serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase levels were remarkably higher in IR group, when compared with the sham group, and the laboratory tests returned to normal levels in IR+MEL group after treatment. Although serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, TNF-α, and IFN- γ levels have decreased in treatment group following melatonin administration, this decrement was statistically significant for serum IL-18, TNF-α, and IFN- γ parameters compared with the IR group. Serum levels of TOC and OSI were decreased and tissue levels of TAC were increased by melatonin.
CONCLUSION: As a result of this study, it can be suggested that melatonin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects in case of IR.
KEY WORDS: Aortic occlusion, Injury, Ischemia/Reperfusion, Liver, Melatonin.