Abstract Title:

Melatonin Induces Osteoblastic Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Promotes Fracture Healing in a Rat Model of Femoral Fracture via Neuropeptide Y/Neuropeptide Y Receptor Y1 Signaling.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacology. 2018 Sep 18 ;102(5-6):272-280. Epub 2018 Sep 18. PMID: 30227410

Abstract Author(s):

Penghong Dong, Xiaochuan Gu, Guiling Zhu, Ming Li, Bin Ma, Ying Zi

Article Affiliation:

Penghong Dong


The function of melatonin (MLT) in promoting fracture healing has been demonstrated in previous studies. However, the molecular mechanism underlying therapeutic effects of MLT is not entirely clear. In this study, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were isolated from rat bone marrow and identified by flow cytometry. We found that MLT treatment upregulated the neuropeptide Y (NPY) and NPY receptor Y1 (NPY1R) expression, and promoted the proliferation and migration of MSCs, which was suppressed by BIBP3226, an inhibitor of NPY1R. Moreover, the levels of NPY and NPY1R in MSCs undergoing osteoblastic differentiation were upregulated after MLT administration. MLT-induced osteoblastic differentiation of MSCs was suppressed by BIBP3226 treatment, as evidenced by decreased levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen type Iα1 chain, osteocalcin, and runt-related transcription factor 2, downregulated activity of ALP, as well as reduced calcium nodule formation. Furthermore, we demonstrated that MLT could promote fracture healing in a rat model of femoral fracture, which was accompanied by the elevated expression of NPY and NPY1R. The administration of BIBP3226 inhibited fracture healing mediated by MLT. To sum up, our results show that MLT promotes osteoblastic differentiation of MSCs and fracture healing by NPY/NPY1R signaling.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.