Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Methanol extract of Lonicera caerulea var. emphyllocalyx fruit has anti-motility and anti-biofilm activity against enteropathogenic Escherichia coli.

Abstract Source:

Drug Discov Ther. 2019 ;13(6):335-342. PMID: 31956232

Abstract Author(s):

Masaaki Minami, Hiroshi Takase, Mineo Nakamura, Toshiaki Makino

Article Affiliation:

Masaaki Minami


Foodborne diseases have become a worldwide problem that threatens public health and welfare. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is one of major pathogens of moderate to severe diarrhea. The increased prevalence of EPEC strains that produce extended spectrumβ-lactamase (ESBL) has deepened the problem. The fruit of Lonicera caerulea var. emphyllocalyx (LCE) has been used as a traditional food preservative and medicine in northern temperate zones such as Hokkaido Island, Japan. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial effect of LCE fruit extract(LCEE) against EPEC. The antibacterial activities of LCEE were examined by bacterial growth, time-kill curve, soft-agar motility, electron microscopy, and 96 well-microplate biofilm assays. We also investigated the bacterial mRNA expression of biofilm-associated genes (fliC, csgA, and fimA) by quantitative real-time PCR assays. LCEE was found to suppress the growth, time-kill curve, and spread of EPEC. It also reduced the biofilm formation in a dose-dependent manner. Morphological analysis using transmission and scanning electron microscopy revealed that LCEE diminished the function of flagella resulting in reduced motility and biofilm formation. The mRNA expression of all three biofilm associated genes was downregulated under LCEE treatment. Extracts of the fruit of LCE inhibit the motility and biofilm formation of EPEC as a result of the inhibition of flagella development and function. We propose LCEE as a therapeutic candidate for the effective therapy of EPEC-associated infectious diseases.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.