Abstract Title:

Molecular mechanisms of Cisplatin- induced placental toxicity and teratogenicity in rats and the ameliorating role of N-acetyl-cysteine.

Abstract Source:

Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2019 Aug 8:105579. Epub 2019 Aug 8. PMID: 31401317

Abstract Author(s):

Mohamed S Hassan, Ashraf M Morgan, Mohey M Mekawy, M A Zeineb

Article Affiliation:

Mohamed S Hassan


The aim of the present study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of Cisplatin- induced placental toxicity and teratogenicity in rats and the ameliorating role of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). Cisplatin was administrated intraperitoneally at 5 mg/kg.b.wt as a single dose on the 12day of gestation while NAC was administered orally throughout gestation either alone or in concomitant injection of Cisplatin at 200 mg/kg.b.wt. Cisplatin + NAC group showed reduction in the elevated morphological, visceral and skeletal abnormalities as well as the morphological and histopathological changes in placenta compared to Cisplatin - treated rats. Importantly, NAC attenuated Cisplatin-induced placental apoptosisthrough down-regulation of Fas and Caspase-3 genes expression. In conclusion, induction of placental apoptosis by overexpression of Fas and Caspase-3 genes gives a new insight into the mechanism of Cisplatin teratogenicity. The protective role of NAC, on the other hand, was characterized by attenuation of Fas and Caspase-3 genes- mediated apoptosis.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.