Monosodium glutamate impairs the contraction of uterine visceral smooth muscle. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Monosodium glutamate impairs the contraction of uterine visceral smooth muscle ex vivo of rat through augmentation of acetylcholine and nitric oxide signaling pathways.
Reprod Biol. 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2. PMID: 29402603
The aim of the study was to examine the toxic effects of Monosodium glutamate (MSG), an extensively used food additive, on the contraction of uterine visceral smooth muscle (UVSM) in rat and to elucidate the probable neurocrine mechanism involved in it. MSG produced significant potentiation of the force and inhibition of frequency of uterus recorded ex vivo in chronic MSG exposure and in single dose acute experiments. MSG also produced significant potentiation of force of acetylcholine induced contraction and no alterations in atropine induced contraction of uterus. Further, MSG produced significant increase in force and frequency of contraction of neostigmine incubated uterus. We have found significant potentiation of the post pause force of contraction of uterus when MSG was applied in adrenaline incubated uterus. MSG also produced significant decrease in frequency of contraction of sodium nitroprusside incubated uterus; increase in frequency of N-ω-Nitro-l-Arginine Methyl Ester incubated uterus and no significant changes in frequency of contraction of methylene blue incubated uterus. These results indicate that MSG potentiates the force of contraction of UVSM predominantly by augmenting the activity of cholinergic intrinsic efferents and inhibits the frequency of contraction probably by augmenting the activity of nitrergic efferents. In conclusion, MSG potentiates the force and inhibits the frequency of contraction of UVSM, and the MSG induced effect is probably mediated through the augmentation of acetylcholine and nitric oxide signaling pathways.