Abstract Title:

Non-Pharmacological interventions for the anxiety in patients with dementia. A cross-over randomised controlled trial.

Abstract Source:

Behav Brain Res. 2020 Jul 15 ;390:112617. Epub 2020 May 16. PMID: 32428636

Abstract Author(s):

Tatiana-Danai Dimitriou, Eleni Verykouki, John Papatriantafyllou, Anastasia Konsta, Dimitrios Kazis, Magda Tsolaki

Article Affiliation:

Tatiana-Danai Dimitriou


BACKGROUND: Behavioural and Psychiatric Symptoms in dementia (BPSD) tend to be a crucial and big problem in dementia. Anxiety several times remains under-diagnosed because it is often considered to be a psychological response to cognitive decline. As only the 10 % of patients were correctly treated, the pharmacological treatment should be well- considered. The aim of this study was to evaluate three non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of anxiety in dementia.

METHODS: A cross-over randomised controlled trial with 60 participants (different types and stages of dementia) conducted in Greece. The sample was randomly assigned to 6 different groups of 10 participants each. The non-pharmacological interventions that have been evaluated are: a) Music Therapy b) Exercise and c) Aromatherapy&Massage. The measurements that were used are: MMSE, ACE-R, GDS, FRSSD and NPI questionnaire. The interventions lasted 5 days and there was two days off as a wash-out period. There was no drop-out rate.

RESULTS: The study showed that the most effective intervention is Music therapy. The second most effective intervention is Exercise and the third one is Aromatherapy and Massage. In the parenthesis p results indicate that Music Therapy's p is less than 0.05 in comparison with Exercise and Aromatherapy and Massage and therefore the sequence of the interventions does not interfere with the results. (p = <0.05, p = 0.55, accordingly). Caregivers' burden also reduced with MT. In the parenthesis p results indicate Music Therapy's p is less than 0.05 in comparison with the two other interventions and therefore the sequence of the interventions does not interfere with the results, as well (p = <0.05, p = 0.19).

CONCLUSIONS: Our results are in accordance with the current literature. Music Therapy is a promising alternative intervention for the treatment of anxiety in PwD. Music Therapy is an effective non-pharmacological treatment for the reduction of the caregivers' burden, because of the anxiety symptoms in PwD, such as lack of sleep, lack of personal time, unhealthy lifestyle, lack of solutions on what to do with their patients etc. The type of music, the duration of the intervention and the long-term benefits remain unclear. There is a big need of further research with stronger possible evaluation methods.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Music : CK(1192) : AC(132)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.