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Abstract Title:

Myricetin protects natural killer cells from arsenite induced DNA damage by attenuating oxidative stress and retaining poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase 1 activity.

Abstract Source:

Mutat Res. 2021 May ;865:503337. Epub 2021 Feb 19. PMID: 33865543

Abstract Author(s):

Huijuan Ma, Xiaodong Song, Ping Huang, Weiwei Zhang, Xinyue Ling, Xiaoning Yang, Wenwei Wu, Huan Xu, Wei Wang

Article Affiliation:

Huijuan Ma

Abstract:

Environmental exposure to arsenite (As) is known to induce immunotoxicity. Natural killer (NK) cells are innate lymphoid cells act as professional killers of tumor cells. Our previous report indicated that 500 ppb Asdrinking water exposure induced significant DNA damage in the NK cells of C57BL/6 mice. Myricetin is a plant-derived flavonoid known as a strong antioxidant. In this study, daily administration of myricetin at 20 mg/kg was found to alleviate the cell population decrease and DNA damage in the NK cells of BALB/c mice exposed to 500 and 1000 ppb Asvia drinking water. Oxidative stress and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) inhibition were induced by Asat 1 and 2μM in isolated mouse NK cells in vitro, which were attenuated by 20 μM myricetin. The mitigatory effect of myricetin on the PARP-1 inhibition in NK cells treated with Aswas also found to be the result of its prevention of the zinc loss induced by Ason PARP-1. Collectively, these results demonstrated, for the first time, that myricetin could protect NK cells from Asinduced DNA through attenuating oxidative stress and retaining PARP-1 activity, indicating that myricetin may be utilized for the prevention of the immunotoxicity induced by Asin NK cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antioxidants : CK(21528) : AC(8856)
Problem Substances : Arsenite : CK(26) : AC(16)

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