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Abstract Title:

Myricetin suppresses the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells and inhibits neointimal hyperplasia via suppressing TGFBR1 signaling pathways.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2021 Nov ;92:153719. Epub 2021 Aug 17. PMID: 34500301

Abstract Author(s):

Guanghong Chen, Honglin Xu, Yuting Wu, Xin Han, Lingpeng Xie, Guoyong Zhang, Bin Liu, YingChun Zhou

Article Affiliation:

Guanghong Chen

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Neointimal formation, mediated by the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), is a common pathological basis for atherosclerosis and restenosis. Myricetin, a natural flavonoid, reportedly exerts anti-atherosclerotic effects. However, the effect and mechanism of myricetin on VSMCs proliferation and migration and neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) remain unknown.

PURPOSE: We investigated myricetin's effect on NIH, as well as the potential involvement of transforming growth factor-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) signaling in mediating myricetin's anti-atherosclerotic and anti-restenotic actions.

METHODS: Myricetin's effects on the proliferation and migration of HASMCs and A7R5 cells were determined by CCK-8, EdU assays, wound healing, Transwell assays, and western blotting (WB).Molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and TGFBR1 kinase activity assays were employed to investigate the interaction between myricetin and TGFBR1. An adenovirus vector encoding TGFBR1 was used to verify the effects of myricetin. In vivo, the left common carotid artery (LCCA) ligation mouse model was adopted to determine the impacts of myricetin on neointimal formation and TGFBR1 activation.

RESULTS: Myricetin dose-dependently inhibited the migration and proliferation in VSMCs, suppressed the expression of CDK4, cyclin D3, MMP2, and MMP9. Molecular docking revealed that myricetin binds to key regions for TGFBR1 antagonist binding, and the binding energy was -9.61 kcal/mol. MD simulation indicated stable binding between TGFBR1 and myricetin. Additionally, SPR revealed an equilibrium dissociation constant of 4.35 × 10M between myricetin and TGFBR1. According to the TGFBR1 kinase activity assay, myricetin directly inhibited TGFBR1 kinase activity (IC= 8.551μM). Furthermore, myricetin suppressed the phosphorylation level of TGFBR1, Smad2, and Smad3 in a dose-dependent pattern, which was partially inhibited by TGFBR1 overexpression. Consistently, TGFBR1 overexpression partially rescued the suppressive roles of myricetin on VSMCs migration and proliferation. Moreover, myricetin dramatically inhibited NIH and reduced TGFBR1, Smad2, and Smad3 phosphorylation in the LCCA.

CONCLUSION: This is the first study to demonstrate that myricetin suppresses NIH and VSMC proliferation and migration via inhibiting TGFBR1 signaling. Myricetin can be developed as a potential therapeutic candidate for treating atherosclerosis and vascular restenosis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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