N-acetylcysteine amide has possible protective effects in neonatal asphyxia. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Cerebellum Susceptibility to Neonatal Asphyxia: Possible Protective Effects of N-Acetylcysteine Amide.
Dis Markers. 2018 ;2018:5046372. Epub 2018 Jan 30. PMID: 29651324
Background: After perinatal asphyxia, the cerebellum presents more damage than previously suggested.
Objectives: To explore if the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine amide (NACA) could reduce cerebellar injury after hypoxia-reoxygenation in a neonatal pig model.
Methods: Twenty-four newborn pigs in two intervention groups were exposed to 8% oxygen and hypercapnia, until base excess fell to -20 mmol/l or the mean arterial blood pressure declined to<20 mmHg. After hypoxia, they received either NACA (NACA group,= 12) or saline (vehicle-treated group,= 12). One sham-operated group (= 5) served as a control and was not subjected to hypoxia. Observation time after the end of hypoxia was 9.5 hours.
Results: The intranuclear proteolytic activity in Purkinje cells of asphyxiated vehicle-treated pigs was significantly higher than that in sham controls (= 0.03). Treatment with NACA was associated with a trend to decreased intranuclear proteolytic activity (= 0.08), There were significantly less mutations in the mtDNA of the NACA group compared with the vehicle-treated group, 2.0 × 10(±2.0 × 10) versus 4.8 × 10(±3.6 × 10,<0.05).
Conclusion: We found a trend to lower proteolytic activity in the core of Purkinje cells and significantly reduced mutation rate of mtDNA in the NACA group, which may indicate a positive effect of NACA after neonatal hypoxia. Measuring the proteolytic activity in the nucleus of Purkinje cells could be used to assess the effect of different neuroprotective substances after perinatal asphyxia.