Abstract Title:

Protective effect of Nardostachys jatamansi in rat cerebral ischemia.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2003 Jan ;74(2):481-6. PMID: 12479970

Abstract Author(s):

Sofiyan Salim, Muzamil Ahmad, Khan Shoeb Zafar, Abdullah Shafique Ahmad, Fakhrul Islam

Article Affiliation:

Sofiyan Salim

Abstract:

The protective effect of Nardostachys jatamansi (NJ) on neurobehavioral activities, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), reduced glutathione (GSH), thiol group, catalase and sodium-potassium ATPase activities was studied in middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion model of acute cerebral ischemia in rats. The right MCA of male Wistar rats was occluded for 2 h using intraluminal 4-0 monofilament and reperfusion was allowed for 22 h. MCA occlusion caused significant depletion in the contents of glutathione and thiol group and a significant elevation in the level of TBARS. The activities of Na(+)K(+) ATPase and catalase were decreased significantly by MCA occlusion. The neurobehavioral activities (spontaneous motor activity and motor coordination) were also decreased significantly in MCA occlusion group. All the alternations induced by ischemia were significantly attenuated by 15 days pretreatment of NJ (250 mg/kg po) and correlated well with histopathology by decreasing the neuronal cell death following MCA occlusion and reperfusion. The study provides first evidence of effectiveness of NJ in focal ischemia most probably by virtue of its antioxidant property.

Study Type : Animal Study

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