Abstract Title:

Naringenin alleviates hyperglycemia-induced renal toxicity by regulating activating transcription factor 4-C/EBP homologous protein mediated apoptosis.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Commun Signal. 2021 Oct 6. Epub 2021 Oct 6. PMID: 34613591

Abstract Author(s):

Mohammad Fareed Khan, Alpana Mathur, Vivek Kumar Pandey, Poonam Kakkar

Article Affiliation:

Mohammad Fareed Khan


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysfunction plays a prominent role in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study aimed to investigate the novel role of Naringenin (a flavanone mainly found in citrus fruits) in modulating ER stress in hyperglycemic NRK 52E cells and STZ/nicotinamide induced diabetes in Wistar rats. The results demonstrated that Naringenin supplementation downregulated the expression of ER stress marker proteins, including p-PERK, p-eIF2α, XBP1s, ATF4 and CHOP during hyperglycemic renal toxicity in vitro and in vivo. Naringenin abrogated hyperglycemia-induced ultrastructural changes in ER, evidencing its anti-ER stress effects. Interestingly, treatment of Naringenin prevented nuclear translocation of ATF4 and CHOP in hyperglycemicrenal cells and diabetic kidneys. Naringenin prevented apoptosis in hyperglycemic renal cells and diabetic kidney tissues by downregulating expression of apoptotic marker proteins. Further, photomicrographs of TEM confirmed anti-apoptotic potential of Naringenin as it prevented membrane blebbing and formation of apoptotic bodies in hyperglycemic renal cells. Naringenin improved glucose tolerance, restored serum insulin level and reduced serum glucose level in diabetic rats evidencing its anti-hyperglycemic effects. Histopathological examination of kidney tissues also confirmed prevention of damage after 28 days of Naringenin treatment in diabetic rats. Additionally, Naringenin diminished oxidative stress and improved antioxidant defense response during hyperglycemic renal toxicity. Taken together, our study revealed a novel role of Naringenin in ameliorating ER stress during hyperglycemic renal toxicity along with prevention of apoptosis, cellular and tissue damage. The findings suggest that prevention of ER stress can be exploited as a novel approach for the management of hyperglycemic nephrotoxicity.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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