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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Naringenin: A Promising Therapeutic Agent against Organ Fibrosis.

Abstract Source:

Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2021 ;2021:1210675. Epub 2021 Nov 11. PMID: 34804359

Abstract Author(s):

Yanfei Du, Jun Ma, Yu Fan, Xinyu Wang, Shuzhan Zheng, Jian Feng, Jiafu Li, Zhongcai Fan, Guang Li, Qiang Ye

Article Affiliation:

Yanfei Du

Abstract:

Fibrosis is the final common pathology of most chronic diseases as seen in the heart, liver, lung, kidney, and skin and contributes to nearly half of death in the developed countries. Fibrosis, or scarring, is mainly characterized by the transdifferentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts and the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) secreted by myofibroblasts. Despite immense efforts made in the field of organ fibrosis over the past decades and considerable understanding of the occurrence and development of fibrosis gained, there is still lack of an effective treatment for fibrotic diseases. Therefore, identifying a new therapeutic strategy against organ fibrosis is an unmet clinical need. Naringenin, a flavonoid that occurs naturally in citrus fruits, has been found to confer a wide range of pharmacological effects including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer benefits and thus potentially exerting preventive and curative effects on numerous diseases. In addition, emerging evidence has revealed that naringenin can prevent the pathogenesis of fibrosis in vivo and in vitro via the regulation of various pathways that involved signaling molecules such as transforming growth factor-1/small mother against decapentaplegic protein 3 (TGF-1/Smad3), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), sirtuin1 (SIRT1), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-B), or reactive oxygen species (ROS). Targeting these profibrotic pathways by naringenin could potentially become a novel therapeutic approach for the management of fibrotic disorders. In this review, we present a comprehensive summary of the antifibrotic roles of naringenin in vivo and in vitro and their underlying mechanisms of action. As a food derived compound, naringenin may serve as a promising drug candidate for the treatment of fibrotic disorders.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Fibrotic : CK(924) : AC(463)

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