Neferine sensitized Taxol-resistant nasopharygeal carcinoma to taxol. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Neferine sensitized Taxol-resistant nasopharygeal carcinoma to Taxol by inhibiting EMT via downregulating miR-130b-5p.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Oct 22 ;531(4):573-580. Epub 2020 Aug 15. PMID: 32811645
Taxol resistance led to the poor survival prognosis in advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in tumor chemoresistance. Neferine (NEF) is found to sensitize the cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents, but its effects and mechanisms on NPC Taxol resistance is unclear. In this study, we discovered that Taxol-resistant cell lines 5-8F/Taxol and CNE-1/Taxol had the greater ability to metastasis and the higher expression of EMT markers. Then we found that NEF could inhibit the viability and EMT process in the Taxol-resistant cell lines. Furthermore, we confirmed that NEF could augment therapeutic efficacy of Taxol on NPC Taxol-resistant cell lines. Further through Microarray based analysis, we found that miR-130b-5p was stably down-regulated after treating 5-8F/Taxol with NEF. Later we verified that up-regulation of miR-130b-5p could not only promote the EMT-related migration/invasion, but also impair the inhibition effects of NEF on the EMT-associated metastatic ability and the chemotherapy resistance to Taxol. In conclusion, our results firstly suggested that NEF may enhanced Taxol sensitivity in NPC Taxol-resistant cell lines through inhibition of EMT which mediated by miR-130b-5p downregulation in vitro and in vivo. NEF may be used as a Taxol sensitizer in chemotherapy of NPC.