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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Nephroprotective Effect of the Virgin Olive Oil Polyphenol Hydroxytyrosol in Type 1-like Experimental Diabetes Mellitus: Relationships with Its Antioxidant Effect.

Abstract Source:

Antioxidants (Basel). 2021 Nov 8 ;10(11). Epub 2021 Nov 8. PMID: 34829654

Abstract Author(s):

María Dolores Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan Antonio López-Villodres, María Monsalud Arrebola, Esther Martín-Aurioles, África Fernández-Prior, Alejandra Bermúdez-Oria, María Carmen Ríos, José Pedro De La Cruz, José Antonio González-Correa

Article Affiliation:

María Dolores Rodríguez-Pérez

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to determine whether hydroxytyrosol administration prevented kidney damage in an experimental model of type 1 diabetes mellitus in rats. Hydroxytyrosol was administered to streptozotocin-diabetic rats: 1 and 5 mg/kg/day p.o. for two months. After hydroxytyrosol administration, proteinuria was significantly reduced (67-73%), calculated creatinine clearance was significantly increased (26-38%), and the glomerular volume and glomerulosclerosis index were decreased (20-30%). Hydroxytyrosol reduced oxidative and nitrosative stress variables and thromboxane metabolite production. Statistical correlations were found between biochemical and kidney function variables. Oral administration of 1 and 5 mg/kg/day of hydroxytyrosol produced an antioxidant and nephroprotective effect in an experimental model of type 1-like diabetes mellitus. The nephroprotective effect was significantly associated with the systemic and renal antioxidant action of hydroxytyrosol, which also influenced eicosanoid production.

Study Type : Animal Study

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