Abstract Title:

The nephroprotective effects of allicin and ascorbic acid against cisplatin-induced toxicity in rats.

Abstract Source:

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25. PMID: 30911969

Abstract Author(s):

Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Thoria Donia, Saud Alarifi, Saad Alkahtani, Lotfi Aleya, Simona G Bungau

Article Affiliation:

Mohamed M Abdel-Daim


Cisplatin (CDDP) may induce nephrotoxicity through oxidative stress, DNA damage, and inflammation. This study was performed to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of allicin and ascorbic acid (AA) and investigate the nephroprotective efficacy of their combination against CDDP-induced intoxication. Rats were divided into seven groups: control, allicin (10 mg/kg for 14 days), AA (20 mg/kg for 14 days), CDDP (7 mg/kg as a single dose on the seventh experimental day), CDDP-allicin, CDDP-AA, and CDDP-allicin-AA (at the aforementioned doses). The administration of CDDP induced marked body weight loss and renal damage, manifested by significant increases (p < 0.05) in serum creatinine, urea, and uric acid levels and significant reductions in serum Na, Ca, and phosphorus concentrations, in addition to severe alterations in serum and renal tissue levels of tumor necrosis factor-α in comparison with control rats. Moreover, CDDP-intoxicated rats exhibited significantly (p < 0.05) higher lipid peroxidation, as well as lower levels of reduced glutathione and activities of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase enzymes in the renal tissue, compared with control rats. The administration of allicin or AA significantly reduced (p < 0.05) the CDDP-induced changes in all the aforementioned parameters. Interestingly, allicin achieved comparable nephroprotection to AA in most assessed parameters; however, the restoration of normal serum and renal tissue concentrations of these parameters was more frequent in the CDDP-AA group.In conclusion, both allicin and AA showed significant nephroprotective effects against CDDP intoxication and their combination exhibited better protection than either agent alone. These results are probably mediated by their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.